On the back of watching Time Team for twenty years I have developed an ongoing interest in archaeology. Let's be frank I am most definitely of the armchair variety. The reality of a dig and being on your hands and knees in the mud and rain for long periods of time doesn't appeal to me! Despite the fact that there was a lot of harsh criticism directed at the programme from many from within the discipline [justified I'm sure, but to what degree unsure], I still enjoy being able to rewatch all the episodes which are cached on the 4OD website. Over time I have read more in depth articles, completed a short online course and visited the Wind Wick dig on Orkney [this is last year's record of it http://www.orkneyjar.com/archaeology/thecairns/]
Last month I attended a day course on "The Archaeology of Death and Remembrance" organised by our local group. On paper it could have been really depressing, but the speaker was amazing in the way he dealt with a difficult subject with a lightness of touch. Throughout he showed great sensitivity interjected with appropriate dry humour. He made it clear from the outset that he wouldn't be showing any images of children's skeletons and I found it very moving when he commented that often the archaeologists give an adult skeleton a name when they are removing it from the ground. Not only does this give the person back their humanity so their remains are dealt with respectfully, but it also gives the archaeologists a coping mechanism to deal with what is an emotional and sometimes traumatic experience.
Did you know [I didn't]?
Only 80% of all skeletons can be correctly sexed. This is down to the bones not showing some of the normal indicators eg the evidence missing when the person was alive, deformity or the skeleton presenting characteristics from the opposite gender. Our male speaker has discovered he has a female shaped pelvis. Before this can even happen there need to be sufficient bones present and in a good enough condition to examine them...there's a whole of host of factors which often make this impossible.
It is very difficult to estimate the age of a skeleton once they get beyond a certain age and the bones have fused. Teeth is one way, but diet, general health and lifestyle can affect them adversely. Sometimes when records have existed to check against the estimated age has been way out and they have actually been much older. As now, people age at different rates.
Causes of death, unless an obviously fatal trauma injury, are extremely difficult to pinpoint. Some diseases such as leprosy leave tell tell signs on the bones, but this is generally not the case.
Lead coffins are the stuff of nightmares. Usually medieval, the archaeologists risk both poisoning and mental health issues from exposure to the lead. Any sealed coffins which are bulging are left well alone....the body as it decomposes reacts with the lead leaving behind a toxic, explosive mix. Full of pathogens from the original disease I can see why they call in specialist contractors to deal with them!
More of the health and safety issues are covered in this article http://wa-archaeology.com/2247-crypt-archaeology-15-important-health-and-safety-issues/
We were left at the end of the day with the interesting moral dilemma as to what happens to the remains of those who are excavated. By and large the thought process now is that it's best to leave people in situ wherever possible rather than digging them up. With projects such as the Cross Rail this wasn't possible. Even legally the position is not clear. The Burials Act states that any Christian burial [this excludes cremations] must be reinterred in consecrated ground but beyond that there are no definitive answers. The law was passed in 1857 and perhaps now we need to revisit it. It's a difficult one.
As an similarly enthusiastic armchair archeologist (I harboured thoughts of offering my drawing ability as an onsite layout draughtsperson - until I discovered that I would first have to be a qualified archeologist type person first...) I love Time Team but can see why the specialists are not keen, having worked in the veterinary business I am often annoyed by the current rash of vet programmes and my youngest son who works part time at a classic car restoration garage say the staff there say that the classic car make-over programmes have raised the expectation of car owners wanting their precious cars to be done in a two week turn over - apparently in the trade this is virtually impossible without short cuts and non-spec items being used! Still, I do love Time Team :)ReplyDelete
A little bit of knowledge is a dangerous thing sometimes...I'm also an expert Strictly judge...all experience gained once again from my armchair!Delete
I used to love the drawings done by Victor Ambrus too - I have a novel he illustrated called "Slave of the Huns" (Must reread it!) and I love his pen-and-ink work. When I was teaching 20 years back my colleague & I were real TT fans. We invited Tony Robinson to come & speak to our Yr 5s - he never answered. Sad face.ReplyDelete
Victor's work used to really bring the dig alive didn't it. I used to like the section where they recreated the crafts or foods of the time. It added an extra dimension.Delete